How Often Do Puppies Poop and Pee – Pet’s Potty Schedule

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How often do puppies poop and pee? That’s what you’ll need to know if you’re about to welcome a new puppy into your family.

The frequency of your pet’s potty stops depends on several different factors, including your puppy’s age, size, general health, and feeding schedule. Understanding what influences the frequency of your pup’s toilet requirements will help you plan how to accommodate your pet and avoid accidents.

Read this comprehensive guide to find out how often puppies poop and pee and learn how to keep your home accident-free!

How Frequently Do Dogs Poop?

Chihuahua puppy 6 months old

When it comes to pooping, every dog is different!

Usually, dogs relieve themselves once or twice every day. However, there are exceptions to that. However, whether your dog poops once or four times a day, the number of times he goes should be consistent. If your pup suddenly starts going four or five times every day instead of just once, that could indicate digestive problems, so you should consult your vet for advice.

Several factors influence when and how often your dog poops each day.


Age is a significant influencing factor on how often your pup poops and on the time that elapses between potty stops. As a general rule, an older puppy will be able to hold on for longer than a very young pup. 

For example, an 8-week-old puppy will need to go more often than a 12-week-old-puppy, and puppies generally need to poop more often than mature dogs. Also, an older pup will be physically able to wait for longer between potty stops than a very young one.

Health Problems

If your dog starts to go more often and the consistency of his poop changes, that’s usually an indication of some health issue.

Perhaps you changed your pet’s food to a brand that’s too rich for his digestion to cope with? Bacterial infections can also cause stomach upsets in dogs.

Also, dogs have a habit of eating stuff that they really shouldn’t eat, such as discarded food, other dogs’ poop, and even dead animals! So, if your dog suddenly starts to poop frequently and his stools are looser than usual, it’s time for a trip to your vet.

Puppy diarrhea is always a cause for concern, especially if your puppy hasn’t been dewormed. Again, consult your vet right away if your pup develops the “squits.”


Dogs with a high activity level, such as Cavoodle puppies and Sheepadoodles, generally have a metabolism that runs faster than more sedentary breeds, such as Pugs. The more active your dog is, the more he will poop.

Food Intake

As you might expect, the more a dog eats, the more often he will need to poop. Young puppies generally need several small feeds every day. Therefore, an average puppy will need to go more than an adult dog that only has one meal a day.

Is Your Puppy’s Poop Normal?

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As a responsible dog owner, you should regularly inspect your dog’s poop. As mentioned above, changes in the poop can tell you a lot about your dog’s intestinal health.


Ideally, a dog’s poop should be slightly moist but firm and log-shaped, and its size should be relative to the amount of food the dog has eaten. When you pick up the poop in a doggy waste bag, it should keep its shape.

Watery poop can indicate an infection or the presence of internal parasites, and loose stools are often caused by some kind of imbalance in the dog’s digestive system. Conversely, very hard, dry poop can indicate that the dog is constipated or dehydrated.

It’s quite normal for a dog’s poop to change color and consistency slightly when his diet is changed, such as when a puppy moves from his mother’s milk to a solid diet. To avoid upsetting your dog’s stomach, introduce new foods gradually over the course of a week or two.


The color of the dog’s poop is heavily influenced by what the pup has been eating.

Generally, the poop should be chocolate brown, although anything in the range of light to dark brown is considered to be normal. Watch out for abnormal colored poop, as that usually means that your dog is sick and needs veterinary attention:

  • Red streaks: Red streaks indicate that the poop contains blood.
  • White dots: White dots in the poop usually indicates the presence of worms.
  • Grey: Grey poop can be a sign of pancreas problems.
  • Black: Black poop often indicates bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
  • Yellow or Orange: Yellow or orange-colored poop can indicate a liver problem.
  • Gren: Green poop can simply be caused by the dog eating grass. However, green poop might also be caused by a gall bladder issue.

If your dog has abnormally colored poop, or if the poop has a strong, overpowering odor, ask your vet for advice.


Your dog’s poop should be relative to the size of the dog. Clearly, a Yorkshire Terrier will not produce stools of the same size as a Great Dane!

The poop should also be around the same size as the portions of food the dog is eating. Poops that are larger than normal for the size of a dog could mean that the pup isn’t digesting his food properly. Poop that’s too small could be due to illness or an intestinal blockage.

How Can You Tell If Your Dog is Constipated?

Maltese Toy Poodle Mix Puppy

Constipation is a digestive issue that can affect all dogs, regardless of their age, size, or breed. Signs of constipation include: 

  • Irregular bowel movement
  • No stool for two days or more
  • Hard stools
  • Whining or crouching while trying to poop
  • Hair matted with feces around the anal area

If your dog shows any of these symptoms, he might be constipated.

To combat constipation, the experts at recommend adding extra fiber to the dog’s diet. Excellent sources of fiber can include wheat bran, canned pumpkin, and sweet potato, all of which can be mixed with both wet food and dry kibble.

Constipation can also be a sign of dehydration. So, be sure to provide your dog with clean, freshwater 24/7/365. Plenty of daily exercises can also help to keep food moving through the dog’s digestive system.  

How Many Times A Day Do Dogs Pee?

Young puppies have a baby-sized bladder and have not yet learned how to hold their pee. So, a two-month-old puppy, for example, will probably need to empty his bladder 10 to 30 minutes after drinking water. 

However, an adult dog can be trained to have better bladder control, lasting up to eight hours or even longer between potty breaks.

Issues with bladder control can be caused by bladder infections, such as cystitis, bladder stones, kidney and liver diseases. Also, the dog’s water intake will be influenced by the weather and how much exercise he has had. Obviously, a thirsty dog will drink more and pee more, too.

How Long Can Dogs Hold Their Poop and Pee?

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As a general rule of thumb, an average dog or puppy can hold its bladder for one hour for each of its age in months plus one hour.

For example, the period of time that a four-month-old puppy should be able to hold it for is 5 hours. However, smaller breeds tend to have small bladders and will therefore need to pee more frequently than larger dogs. 

When it comes to pooping, most healthy adult dogs can digest a meal within six to eight hours. That means the dog will need to do his business roughly seven hours after eating. So, if your dog eats his morning meal at 8:00 am, he will need to poop at around 15:00 pm. However, for puppies, that time span is much shorter, typically around four hours.

To ensure that your dog stays comfortable during the night and to help avoid accidents, we recommend that you don’t feed your pet too close to bedtime. It’s also a good idea to take your dog outside for a potty stop right before you retire for the night.

How Can You Tell If Your Dog Needs to Poop or Pee?

There are several telltale signs that your dog needs to poop or pee, including:

  • Sniffing the floor or circling around
  • Pawing at the door
  • Whining and sniffing around the door 

My dog comes and sits in front of me when she wants to go out, which is perfect.

Puppies are slightly different from adult dogs in that they need to go more frequently since their bladder and bowel control are not as good as a full-grown pup. Generally, puppies are like human babies in that they need to relieve themselves every couple of hours. That can mean setting your alarm throughout the night and during the day and letting your puppy outside.   

How Do You Potty Train a Dog?

To prevent unwanted behaviors, you need to potty train your puppy.

The easiest way to potty train your puppy is to use a crate. Take your puppy out of the crate to go outside every couple of hours and after meals. Dogs use smell as a method of communication. So, if you pick a regular toileting spot for your puppy in your backyard, he will quickly associate that area with going potty. 

Base potty breaks around a routine, and always reward every potty success with plenty of praise. That can help make potty training your puppy fun and successful activity for both of you.

You can read a full guide on how to potty train your dog in the article at this link.

Is Crate Training Necessary?

Frisco Crate
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Dogs naturally will not soil their sleeping area, so a crate can be a very useful tool for potty training a puppy or older dog.

By confining your puppy to a crate for short periods when you can’t be around to watch him, you can prevent accidents. However, you must be on hand to let your pet outside regularly throughout his time in the crate.

Do You Need to Establish a Potty Training Schedule?

A regular potty schedule is crucial if you want to avoid your puppy having accidents inside your home.

Dogs respond well to a regular routine when it comes to feeding and exercise, and the same principle works well for potty training. So, set specific times during the day, such as first thing in the morning, after every meal, and right before bedtime.

Your potty training schedule will work best if you stick to regular feeding times. Five to 30 minutes after each meal, take your pet outside for a potty break. Puppies and adult dogs like to nap throughout the day. So, as soon as your dog wakes up, take him outside to go potty. Finally, physical activity stimulates your dog’s gut to process his food. So, you’ll need to take him for a potty stop right after playtime.

The Bottom Line

I hope you enjoyed our guide to how often puppies need to poop and pee throughout the day. If you found the information helpful, please share it!

In general, dogs need to poop between one and five times every day, depending on their age, size, and health. The number of pee stops required by an average dog depends on his size, how much water he drinks, and his health. In both cases, the frequency of potty breaks depends on the individual dog.

Did you use a crate to potty train your dog? Tell us how you did it in the comments box below.

Meet our writer

Alison Page was brought up with dogs and various other pets! For a few years, Alison worked as a Practice Manager in a small animal veterinary clinic. Alison is now a full-time writer, specializing in creating articles on the care and training of dogs, cats, and fish.

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